Standard Roses are rose bushes that are grafted onto a stem of 100cm, the bush then grows on top of the stem to make a flowering head. They are a great way of adding height and drama to your garden border and create a beautiful display of cascading colour. They also look great as a centerpiece in a bed of low growing varieties, but they can also be used in groups for dramatic effect or placed in containers to create a stunning entrance.
Selecting a Standard Rose
There are a wide range of standard roses available in Floribunda or Hybrid Tea varieties. Please refer to our our guides on both of these roses to select the one for you. Whilst selection is partly a matter of personal taste it’s worth checking which roses you like the look of then considering how their eventual height and spread ties in with what you’re looking to use them for. The ‘head’ of the standard rose should grow to the height of the original bush on top of the stem so it is worth considering this first. Please refer to the ‘Best Standard Roses A-Z’ below for some ideas.
When to Plant
Containerised roses can be planted at any time of the year, although from the beginning of autumn to early spring is best as this is when they are dormant. Do not plant your new standard rose if the ground is frozen or waterlogged. If the conditions are not appropriate, keep containerised plants in an unheated outbuilding and provide additional fleece protection if conditions are particularly harsh.
Choosing a Site
Standard roses like to be grown in a sunny position that is sheltered from strong winds. They will not succeed in shade or if crowded by other plants. A well-drained soil is preferred as they do not typically cope well with wet ground. If your garden naturally lies wet, incorporate some sand or coarse grid and organic matter when planting to improve drainage.
Double-dig the soil before planting to eliminate compaction and ensure it is well aerated. Dig your planting hole wide enough to comfortably accommodate the roots and deep enough so the roots rest just below soil level. Spread the roots across the planting hole and backfill using a mix of the dug soil plus plenty of well-rotted organic matter such as garden compost, recycled green waste or manure. We also recommend mixing in a generous helping of rose feed as roses are heavy feeders. Firm the soil down and water well.
Growing Roses in Containers
Roses also grow well in containers, which is a good option if you have a heavy clay soil or just want to add a splash of colour to the patio. Choose a deep container to accommodate the rose plants deep tap root system (except for miniatures where you will get away with a smaller pot). Choose a loam-based compost such as John Innes No 3, water well and top-dress with rose fertiliser each April. All other planting steps are the same as for growing roses in the ground (see above) but you’ll need to pay special attention to feeding your rose using rose feed or another high potassium fertiliser regularly during the summer flowering period.
Pruning – Standard Roses
Correctly pruning your standard rose will ensure it grows vigorously and blooms well year after year. If repeatedly left unpruned, the branches of your rose bush will gradually tangle and start to look a mess. Standard roses are best pruned in early March just as they are starting to grow again. Make sure you have the right equipment for the job – a good pair of gardening gloves and sharp pair of secateurs are essential.
First remove excess foliage and cut back the branches so that the remaining branches are approximately 6 inches long. As you trim, bear in mind the aesthetics of the final rose bush and trim into an attractive shape. Take care not to leave the rose bush too large as this makes it vulnerable in windy conditions.
Most Standard roses will require some frost protection during very cold periods and frosts in the UK as they are not fully hardy. Horticultural fleece is best, but other permeable materials also work well.
Pests and Diseases
We only sell standard roses with an acceptable level of disease resistance; however, no roses are completely immune. We outline some of the main problems below and how to overcome them:
- Blindness (lack of flowers) – it’s not unusual for some flowers to not flower every year, but a repeated lack of blooms across most stems is likely to be a sign of a problem. ‘Blindness’ is caused by the plant’s energy being diverted, rather than being invested into blooms. The most common reason is over-exposure to harsh weather conditions or too much shade, which can be solved by providing some protection/shelter and making sure you grow your roses in a sunny site. Make sure you remove all/most of the older wood during annual pruning to encourage vigorous new shoots and cut any blind shoots back by half to a strong bud.
- Rose Aphids – greenfly, blackfly and other insects which will suck the sap from your roses. Check your roses regularly for signs of infestation on or under the leaves and on the buds. If the infestation is minor, squashing the insects may solve the problem but often an aphid bug killer spray is required.
- Black Spot – a fungal diseases evidenced by dark purple or black blotches on the leaves, which often results in leaves turning yellow or falling off the plant. The best way to deal with black spot is to collect and destroy any affected fallen leaves then use a fungus killer spray as soon as possible.
- Dieback – usually caused by a combination of inadequate care, weather conditions and pests/diseases. Prevention is easier than cure, so make sure you plant your roses in well-prepared ground that is not vulnerable to drought or water-logging, spread the roots, prune annually (particularly for dead, damaged and crossing branches), feed in spring using rose feed and water during prolonged periods of dry weather. If your plant is affected by die back, make sure you do all of the above steps and consider using a fungus killer spray if you believe this may be contributing to the problem.
Best Standard Roses A-Z
|Rose Deep Secret|
- Rose Deep Secret – velvety, deep crimson blooms which emerge gracefully from dark purple buds.
- Rose Hot Chocolate – stunning clusters of rusty orange buds, opening to a rich velvety brown blend strong fragrance flowers repeating throughout the summer.
- Rose Iceberg – sweetly-scented sprays of flat, bright white flowers emerge from shapely pink-tinged buds.
- Rose Rememberance – bright scarlet blooms above dark green deciduous foliage. Disease resistant.
|Rose Simply the Best||Rose Sweet Dream||Rose Top Marks|
- Rose Simply the Best – stunning rose which has beautiful fragrance and mandarin coloured blooms that repeat all summer long. The growth is upright with dark green glossy foliage that is reddish when new.
- Rose Sweet Dream – This award winning rose bears, fragrant, peachy-apricot blooms. Foliage is glossy green, deciduous and healthy. The flowers weather well and don’t fade, foliage is dense and habit compact
- Rose Top Marks – Miniature patio rose with stunning double, bright vermilion-red flowers produced in summer. The foliage of shiny, dark green deciduous leaves is plentiful and really accentuates the long lasting flowers.